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When I was studying for my CELPIP exam I got material from them. Unfortunately, I can not put the PDF to the public because it has a watermark with my personal email. But I can put you here what it says.

CELPIP's twentieth-sixth error as they state:

Sound substitution errors happen when a speaker replace a sound in a word with different, incorrect sound. For example, if a speaker is trying to say the word "vat" and substitutes the /v/ sound with the /f/ sound, the result will be the word "fat". This error is quite serious because it changes the meaning of the word and therefore the message as well.

By far the most common sound substitution errors are with vowel sounds. English has five vowel letters (a,e, i, o and u), but there are many more vowel sounds. As indicated, sound substitution can lead to miscommunications. For example, if you say "it's note me" when you meant to say "it's not me," your intended message might not be understood.

All sounds are created, in part, by the positioning of the mouth. Below is a chart that uses keywords to show the thirteen basic vowel sounds in North American English. It also shows the different jaw and muscle functions used to create each vowel sound. When your jaw is high, your mouth is almost closed, when low, it is open. The muscles of your mouth can be tense, like when you smile, or lax when neutral or relaxed. Note: The three sounds in blue are called diphthongs, and they change position when spoken. For example, the vowel sound in the word boy starts with the jaw at mid-level and the muscless lax as in but, then the jaw and tension change until the vowel sounds like the one in beat.

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When I was studying for my CELPIP exam I got material from them. Unfortunately, I can not put the PDF to the public because it has a watermark with my personal email. But I can put you here what it says.

CELPIP's twentieth-fifth error as they state:

The term register means the correct use of language for a specific purpose, within a given social situation. Typically, register relates to formality or the degree of "proper" English that we attempt to use, and it is closely related to "tone". For example, when we communicate with strangers, we often try to speak or write more carefully than when we interact with friends or family members. As well, business and purchasing situations usually call for a more formal, less casual register.

CELPIP test takers are marked on their use of tone (level of formality) in spoken and written responses. Therefore, test takers need to decide what level of formality is appropriate for the situation. The most common way to control register is through word choice. The table below shows the difference between some low-register terms (less formal) and high-register ones. In formal testing, it is better to choose a more formal language.

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When I was studying for my CELPIP exam I got material from them. Unfortunately, I can not put the PDF to the public because it has a watermark with my personal email. But I can put you here what it says.

CELPIP's twentieth-third error as they state:

Homonyms are words that sound the same but have different spellings and meanings. An example is "none" (zero) and "nun" (a holy woman). These two words are pronounced exactly the same, but as you can see, their meaning and spelling are different.

Malapropisms are words that are frequently mistaken for other words because they look and sound somewhat similar. Malapropisms often result in nonsensical and humorous errors. An example is, "My aunt is in a comma." A "comma" is a punctuation symbol; this person means to say that her aunt is in a "coma"(is unconscious).

Mistakes with homonyms and malapropisms are common in the CELPIP Writing Test. Sometimes this problem occurs because of overreliance on the Spell Check feature. Remember, the computer can only determine if a word is incorrectly spelled. It cannot tell you if you've used the wrong word. Sometimes, this word choice error is the result of a problem with spelling or typing. Test takers either don't know the correct spelling of a word and guess incorrectly, or they type the wrong word. Eighter way, an improper word is used.