When I was studying for my CELPIP exam I got material from them. Unfortunately, I can not put the PDF for the public because it has a watermark with my personal email. But I can put you here what it says.
CELPIP's fourth error as they state:
Parallelism is the pleasing balance achieved when ideas of equal importance are presented side by side in similar grammatical form. When they aren’t, we have faulty parallelism, a common CELPIP error.
Generally, clauses balance with clauses, phrases balance with phrases, and words balance with words. That last sentence had three parallel clauses. Contrast it with this sentence, which needs to be revised so it has parallel adjectives: The mall was noisy, crowded, and everything was chaotic. We strive for parallelism when we coordinate elements with the conjunctions and, but, or, nor, not only . . . but also, both . . . and, either . . . or, and neither . . . nor. (Neither a borrower nor a lender be.) We also strive for parallelism when making comparisons with as or than. (Blood is thicker than water.) Parallelism makes sentences more effective, efficient, and pleasing.
How to Achieve Parallelism
- Miguel sat in the mall, a victim of boredom and weariness. (as noun)
- The mall bored and wearied Miguel. (as verb)
- Miguel was bored and weary. (as adjective)
- Miguel sat listlessly and wearily in the mall. (as adverb)
- Miguel, a soccer enthusiast, was married to Camila, a mall enthusiast. (as noun)
- Miguel did not merely like soccer; Miguel adored soccer. (as verb)
- Defeated and desperate, Miguel sat in the food court. (as adjective)
- Camila strolled down the aisles and through the shops. (as adverb)
- Camilla accepted that Miguel hated malls; Miguel accepted that Camila loved them. (as noun)
- Camila, who loved shopping, was married to Miguel, who loved soccer. (as adjective)
- When Miguel was near Camila, it was love, but when Miguel was near soccer, it was passion. (as adverb)
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