When I was studying for my CELPIP exam I got material from them. Unfortunately, I can not put the PDF to the public because it has a watermark with my personal email. But I can put you here what it says.
CELPIP's fifteenth error as they state:
Verb forms expressing events or situations that depend on a result of other events or situations (if X + verb, then Y + verb) are called conditionals. The conditional is a verb aspect, not a verb tense, voice or mood. CELPIP test takers tend to have trouble with conditionals that refer to unreal (counterfactual) or improbable situations.
|Main Clause |
|"Zero" (factual)||If I like it,||I eat it.||If means when here.|
|"1st" (predictive real or likely)||If I go to bed early,||I will miss my TV show||I'm predicting what actually will happen if the condition is met. Somehow, obvious.|
|"2nd" (unreal present or future)||If I had a million dollars right now,||I would buy myself a house.||I actually do not have the money, so I will not buy anything. It is just an imaginary situation.|
|"3rd" (unreal past)||If I had studied music,||I wouldn't have come to Canada||I actually did not study music, then I did come to Canada. It is about an imaginary situation in the past.|
How to Use the "Second" Conditional
If + subject + past simple verb, then subject + would + base verb
- If I had to choose between you and my dog, I would have trouble making a decision.
- If I opted for migrating to the UK instead of Canada, I would regret it.
- If I were you, I would ask my dog first.
Informal English use If I were instead I was.
The use of the comma:
- If I were you, I would ask my dog.
- I would ask my dog if I were you.
- I would ask my dog, if I were you.
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